In the 2002 UK Census, 92% of the population was white and the blacks comprised:
1.0% Black Caribbean
0.8% Black African
0.2% Black (others)
The UK prison population at the same time comprised 86% white and the blacks comprised around 11%.
Statistics tell a dismal story. Aboriginals amount to fewer than 4 per cent of the Canadian population, yet accounted for 24 per cent of those admitted to provincial or federal custody in 2006-2007 – up from 21 per cent the previous year. In Ontario, twice as many aboriginal youth are being jailed as non-aboriginal youth who commit the same offence.
“We had to get the numbers down because they were ridiculous,” Mr. Justice Melvyn Green, of the Ontario Court of Justice, said in an interview. “But 10 years later, my God, we are even deeper in the jungle. This is really the horror.”
According to the Australian Institute of Criminology, indigenous people represented 22% of Australia’s prison population in June of 2005: “a shocking figure”, particularly since Aborigines make up less than 3% of Australia’s total population. Indigenous women are currently the fastest growing profiled group in Australia’s prison system. And throughout the 1990’s, indigenous people made up an astoundingly disproportionate 18% of prisoner deaths in custody.
Although Māori make up only 14% of the [New Zealand] population, they make up almost 50% of the prison population. Māori have higher unemployment-rates than other cultures resident in New Zealand, higher numbers of suicides than non-Māori, only 47% of Māori school-leavers finish school with qualifications higher than NCEA Level One compared to 74% European; 87% Asian.”
What does all this tell us? Four different nations, same story.