1. A stratovolcanic archipelago, indigenous make up 98.5% of population, world’s eighth-largest military budget, third lowest infant mortality rate, into machinery and equipment, fossil fuels, foodstuffs (in particular beef), chemicals, textiles and raw materials for its industries.
2. One part of a split not so long ago, 10.6 million inhabitants, high income, export-oriented social market economy based on services, manufacturing and innovation, originally a duchy, greatest territorial extent in the 14th century, defeated five consecutive crusades.
3. Great mineral wealth, principally copper, independence in 1818, economically and socially stable and prosperous nation, had the Battle of the Maule, good at rescuing trapped miners, during the 19th century, commercial ties were primarily with Britain.