There’s so much material on file here that it would take donkeys’ years to get a post going and it would be turgid the way I tried to interconnect it. Better way is to post six opinions other than mine, in two parts – now and at 16:00.
But first, the latest news:
This is from Nikita on Afrikaans as a language.
Do click on the link for the rest of her post.
A second opinion
An ex-military chap wrote:
When I was undergoing my military service one of our instructors was an immigrant from Kenya (or some such) where his family had farmed for many years – until their farm was confiscated, forcing them to immigrate to South Africa.
As I remember it, the article below describes the basic steps that the family took to destroy the confiscated farm, with one addition: they stipulated that the new owner of their bulldozer collect it from where the farm road met the main road.
Their last act was to drive the bulldozer to the pickup point with the backhoe dropped behind the ‘dozer, thus digging up the farm roads.
The farm roads were – according to his ex-neighbors – never repaired.
WHAT WILL HAPPEN WHEN THE ANC TAKES MY FARM
I have no doubt that the ANC Govt has given a lot of thought to the topic of Expropriation Without Compensation (EWC) however I think they might not have fully comprehended the consequences of such a policy. As a farmer I thought it might be useful to enlighten them as to the course of action I would take once my farm is targeted for EWC.
Before I continue I would like to emphasize that this is not a threat nor delivered with the mindset of a saboteur, it is merely a description of the sequence of events that would unfold in the event of such a policy being enforced.
• I would immediately identify all the moveable assets on my farm and start selling them or placing them in a suitable storage facility. I list these below simply to demonstrate to non-farmers what makes a farm functional and profitable. The first to go would be all the livestock followed by all the machinery including tractors, pumps, silos, centre pivots, electrical transformers, irrigation equipment, water troughs, implements and piping.
I would strip the dairy and sell the bulk tanks, milking machines etc. I would take down all internal fencing on the farm and recoup what I could. All sheds would be disassembled and all houses and other buildings would be stripped of anything sellable, including their roofs.
• I would disconnect/cancel the 5 Eskom points on the farm and obtain refunds on the deposits I’ve paid on them.
• I would re-trench all my staff and pay them off in accordance with the Labour Act. I would then strip all the staff accommodation on the farm and sell what I could.
• With the sale of all my livestock and cessation of the farming operation I would immediately default on the R5.5m I owe FNB but I wouldn’t worry as the farm is the loan’s security and I don’t really own anything else.
• When the day came to leave the farm I would hand the ‘keys’ over to the new ‘owners’ but I’m not quite sure what they would do as there’d be no roof on the farm house and there would be nothing to ‘farm’ on the farm. It would just be a piece of land, but that’s ok because the ANC says owning land makes you wealthy.
When you take the sequence of events described above and multiply it on a national scale you see another sequence of events unfolding.
• The new ‘farmers’ arrive on the farm but there is no livestock, machinery or working capital to continue the operation.
• They go to the banks to borrow money (A good farming habit) but the banks are sitting on a R160 Billion defaulted debt book from the ‘old’ farmers and won’t lend a cent to agriculture. They’re fighting for their own survival now.
• The Govt doesn’t have the money, which would be far more than the R160 Billion mentioned above, to re-capitalise and finance all the farms so most of the farms either fall derelict or are farmed at a subsistence level.
• There is a massive but short-term surplus of Beef, Sheep and Poultry products due to the sell-off by the previous farmers. This brings prices down drastically in the short term but eventually the meat runs out and there is nothing to replace it. Meat prices skyrocket.
• Dairy products cease almost immediately after the livestock cull/sell-off and within weeks there is a critical shortage of all dairy products. Importing is impossible due to the Govt’s actions which have decimated the value of the Rand.
• Maize lasts quite a bit longer and with careful rationing will endure until the next season but there is no crop in the ground for next year due to the new ‘farmers’ lack of machinery, experience and access to credit.
• All agricultural Co-Ops and suppliers very quickly cease operation and/or go bankrupt and re-trench all their staff. They cannot survive by selling single bags of seed and fertilizer to subsistence farmers.
• All processors of agricultural products such as meat, dairy and maize cease operation due to lack of product and re-trench all their staff.
• Rural Municipalities start to feel the pinch as there are no longer any farmers paying rates and the agricultural businesses in the towns have also sold up and left.
• Smaller rural towns that depended on agriculture eventually collapse and rural communities are forced to travel long distances to major centres to find ever dwindling supplies.
• Ironically the EWC movement creates more Urbanisation as the rural folk flee the agricultural desert that has been created.
• All food dependent enterprises such as fast food chains and restaurants either disappear or are greatly reduced…along with all their staff.
• With all the unemployed farmworkers, as well as those who have lost their jobs from other sectors, there is an unsustainable demand on the UIF system and it soon collapses.
• The Social Grant system teeters as the ripple effect from the agricultural collapse enters all sectors and the tax-base is shredded.
• Food riots become common and genuine hunger and poverty widespread.
• Unlike Zimbabwe the South African population has nowhere to run.
• With the White Farmer no longer an available target and the true ‘value’ of land revealed in all its fallacy the masses turn on the only target they have left. The ANC.
A third opinion
# Don’t forget the huge difference between ‘the English’ and ‘an English-speaking South African’. For example, an English speaking SA type would not refer to an Afrikaner as ‘a Boer’.
The term is usually used by ANC and fellow anti-apartheid activist and pseudo-activist fellow travellers. The only context in which it would be common is when referring to a farmer, a historical reference, or making a joke of some description.
# Neither the Dutch, nor the Afrikaners are necessarily renowned for their tact or subtlety, nor are they shy about sharing their opinions. As a broad observation, all South Africans regard the English, as in ‘from the UK’ as wimps of the first water, and the Dutch as uncultured oafs.
# The ‘Boer’ in Boer War refers to ‘TrekBoers’ emigrating, or ‘moving’ farmers who left the Cape because they did not care for the British annexation and subsequent changes, and moved into the interior of the country to found their own communities away from the unwanted influences of the British.
The Boer wars were fought between the UK and the Transvaal republic in the case of the First. Simplistically, the First War was an attempt to annex the Transvaal Republic. It failed, and the British were handed their asses on a plate.
The Second was fought between the British and the Orange Free State, and the republic of Transvaal. On the British side were the Indians and the Aussies, and on the other, the Swedes, the Germans and the Dutch.
As before, Britain lucked out, and it turned into a drawn-out war of attrition, barbed wire and concentration camps. All to do with the empire, nothing to do with Afrikaans.
# From Wiki:
Afrikaans was considered a Dutch dialect in South Africa until the early 20th century, when it became recognised as a distinct language under South African law, alongside Standard Dutch, which it eventually replaced as an official language.
Before the Boer Wars (1880–81 and 1899–1902), “and indeed for some time afterwards, Afrikaans was regarded as inappropriate for educated discourse. Rather, Afrikaans was described derogatively as ‘a kitchen language’ or as ‘a bastard jargon’, suitable for communication mainly between the Boers and their servants.”
23 years after the Second Boer War ended in 1902, mostly due to the efforts of the Afrikaans Language Movement on 8 May 1925, the Official Languages of the Union Act No 8 of 1925 was passed at a joint sitting of the House of Assembly and the Senate, in which “Dutch” was “declared to include Afrikaans”.
# The Transvaal Republic established it’s capital in Pretoria in 1855, those pesky TrekBoers deciding this looked like a suitable spot and stopped ‘trekking’.
Gold was discovered in 1884 some 20 miles south of Pretoria, and this led to the founding of Johannesburg. As such Johannesburg exists for what was IN the ground, not what was ON it, and is one of the few major cities in the world not on the coast or on a major river.
They, and the other historical gold mining settlements in the area, form Gauteng. Wall to wall people, and where the money is.
KZN is the old Natal province and Zululand combined. The Zulus kicked the asses of all the other tribes around, and swallowed up a lot of them, too so they became the biggest tribal group.
Coastal Natal was settled not by conquest, but by treaty, and while there were wars and disagreements over time the relationship between the English speaking settlers and the Zulus was generally good. Not surprising since strength, integrity, honour and such plays a fair part in the Zulu code of ethics.
Ditto with the Afrikaners in the northern part of Natal, but matters there were settled with the barrel of the gun by the Boer trekkers when Dingaan or some such decided he maybe didn’t like them as much as he’d thought, and there was a ‘little unpleasantness’ for a bit.
Some of the Boers then moved on, to found Pretoria. Other than parts of the Cape, most of the rest of the country is fairly arid, and quite sparsely populated. Or at least it was.
The Zulu attitude towards English speaking South-African families was probably mutual respect. They did their thing, ESSAs did theirs.
# Suggesting that the Boer war was fought to drive out the Afrikaners would give an Afrikaans SA historian the vapours, and a fail grade on any paper which claimed that. 🙂
Like anywhere in the world, the reality is utterly unlike any narrative of the time, people simply get on with their lives as best they can. The reality in SA was that in Victorian times and at the turn of the century, you had the UK, and the 800lb gorilla, and the Afrikaners in the Boer republics looking at them and going ‘Meh’ no-one gave much thought to the blacks and others, for obvious reasons
World wars and such ensued, and with some tactical campaigning and such which they’d been planning for some time, the National Party won the election from the United Party.
This was NOT expected, since the United Party had been the party in power since 1933, and was led by Jan Smuts.
What was not generally realised was that WWII had been quite unpopular with many Afrikaans voters and there was a growing fear of a ‘black tide’ which the Nationalists exploited very effectively. (Should also bear in mind that the Afrikaans were always a majority in the white electorate.)
Against the focused Nationalist campaign promising racial segregation, the United Party indulged in vague handwaving and platitudes.
The Nationalists won a majority in parliament 79 to 74 seats. (Note that in common with ALL subsequent elections, the United Party won 11 percent MORE of the overall vote. This is primarily due to a constitutionally mandated imbalance between rural and urban constituencies of up to 20% in favour of the rural. This imbalance and it’s updates and further shenanigans and gerrymandering basically kept the Nationalists in power for 40 years)
The United Party/previous govt policy of encouraging post-war immigration is also supposed to have contributed to their defeat.
Note again though, that (as far as I remember) in every election, more white South Africans voted AGAINST the Nationalists than voted for them…..
Following this, the world in which SAs grew up emerged (simplistically) in this way – Afriakaans speakers in power, English speakers in opposition, Malays, mixed race and Indians in a political limbo, and blacks nowhere. [Natal] rarely heard Afrikaans spoken, and children never learned to speak it till high school classes became mandatory.
In Natal, as far as the schools went, English speaking kids went to the local infant primary and high schools and Afrikaans speaking kids went to the Afrikaans primary and high school. The Indian kids went to the Indian primary and high school, and the blacks to Zulu govt and mission schools.
# Trying to explain this below in a Non-SA context is very difficult:
They are a National Institution, oppressed ex-slaves and all.